The Bible Scribes


    It is understood by all that follow the word… that God is the real author behind all the books of the Bible. God Himself wrote, in stone, the Ten Commandments for Moses. However, that He also used men as scribes for other messages onto animal skins, parchment, or other material such as paper is also understood.

    Because of this the terms Old Testament and New Testament can be somewhat misleading. Some think that because the first part of the Bible is called the Old Testament that it no longer applies to us. This is not true. The whole Bible is one book made up of sixty-six books. The Old Testament is therefore not passe and God never intended that it should be when He caused it to be written.

   The Old Testament tells us of the establishment of Gods physical kingdom and of the covenant that applied to that physical kingdom. It explains who and why the physical people were chosen. The New Testament explains the new covenant brought by Christ which had been promised by God in the old. It also explains the new spiritual kingdom and who, why and how these spiritual people are chosen. The difference therefore is the covenant between God and his family or bride of Christ, which is the spiritual kingdom added to the physical which makes up the complete kingdom of God.
    The Bible, like a finely tailored glove, fits together in content, direction, and purpose, from cover to cover. Nonetheless, it was stitched together by men under the direction of Gods power or what we know as the Holy Ghost or Spirit. The following is a brief introduction identifying those who God selected using this Holy Spirit to write the sixty-six books.

The Old Testament

     1.      Genesis     14.      2nd Chronicles      27.     Daniel
     2.      Exodus     15.      Ezra      28.     Hosea
     3.      Leviticus    16.      Nehemiah      29.     Joel
     4.      Numbers     17.      Esther      30.     Amos
     5.      Deuteronomy    18.      Job      31.     Obadiah
     6.      Joshua     19.      Psalms     32.     Jonah
     7.      Judges     20.      Proverbs      33.     Micah
     8.      Ruth     21.      Ecclesiastes      34.     Nahum
     9.      1st Samuel     22.      Solomon      35.     Habakkuk
    10.     2nd Samuel     23.      Isaiah      36.     Zephaniah
   11.     1st Kings    24.     Jeremiah     37.     Haggai
   12.     2nd Kings      25.     Lamentations      38.     Zechariah
   13.     1st Chronicles     26.     Ezekiel       39.     Malachi

 

THE PENTATEUCH

1 GENESIS... 2 EXODUS... 3 LEVITICUS... 4 NUMBERS...

5 DEUTERONOMY

    The writers of these first five books are not known. (There are those that believe Adam wrote the first four chapters of Genesis but there is nothing to substantiate this.) However, it is understood that Moses compiled these first five books. Although a lot happened in a short time early in the Bible the generations were not far removed from each other. For instance Nimrod who built Babylon was the grandson of Noah. Men lived to great ages in that time possibly because a layer of cloud that prevented harmful rays from the sun covered the earth.

Gen 1:7

And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so.

(KJV)

    For it did not rain on the earth until the flood.

Gen 2:5-6

5 and no shrub of the field had yet appeared on the earth and no plant of the field had yet sprung up, for the LORD God had not sent rain on the earth and there was no man to work the ground,

6 but streams came up from the earth and watered the whole surface of the ground-- (NIV)

(As a sidebar to this, recent science agrees with verse 6 above for they have discovered that a huge layer of water sat directly beneath the earth's plates under great stress. It has caused them to look again at the Bibles account of a worldwide flood.)

    Being raised with an Egyptian education would have qualified Moses to compile these works. We know he wrote the laws down for we are told this in Deu 31:9. This means he was qualified to write in Hebrew also. Moses wrote a good deal, which Christ verifies.

John 5:46

For had ye believed Moses, ye would have believed me: for he wrote of me. (KJV)

    Since Moses was such an imposing figure in the Old Testament it is easy to see why God would have used Moses to gather the information in the Pentateuch while telling the story of the birth of the Israelite nation or his physical kingdom.

6th book

JOSHUA

    Except for three small sections of Joshua, one including the account of his death the rest of the book is clearly written by Joshua. Joshua 24:26 confirms this. The other two small sections that may have been edited into Joshua, after and relating to his death, are the tribe of Dan moving north and Othniel's capture of Kirjath-sepher.

7th Book

JUDGES

    The author of Judges is not known for sure but the Talmud attributes it to Samuel which is probably correct for Samuel was a major prophet for God in the time between judges and the kings of Israel.

8th Book

RUTH

    The writer of Ruth is also unknown, although the Talmud claims it was Samuel. However, this is not likely for David is in the forth chapter and Samuel had died before David was declared king. Just the same it was probably written during the lifetime of David because Solomon's time is not mentioned.

9th & 10th Book

1st & 2nd SAMUEL

    Like the first five books of the Bible first and second Samuel were compiled from writings of Samuel, In the first 24 chapters Nathan and Gad are mentioned in Chronicles as being writers of books which are probably referring to the books of 1st and 2nd Samuel. (1 Chronicles 29:29)

11th & 12th Books

1st & 2nd KINGS

    There is evidence that supports the Talmud's claim that Jeremiah was the main writer of the books of Kings, for it is written in the style Jeremiah used. However, it is also evident that someone unknown compiled the completion of the books, which were most likely a scribe using the official court records. (2 Kings 18:18)

13th & 14th Books

1st & 2nd CHRONICLES

    Because both these books center about the priesthood, the law, the temple, and theocratic line of David. They are attributed to Ezra for this and because they follow the style of writing Ezra used. The closing of 2nd Chronicles and the opening verses of Ezra are the same with minor changes, which also adds to the verification of Ezra being the writer. Ezra was an educated scribe as well as a Priest. Therefore it is postulated that the book of Ezra might have been a continuance of history from Chronicles… as was the case with Acts following Luke for the books of Chronicles fill in details not mentioned in Samuel and Kings.

15th Book

EZRA

    Although Ezra was a direct priestly descendent of Aaron through Eleazar, Phineas, and Zadok he studied, practiced and taught the law of God as an educated scribe. He had access to the library of documents collected by Nehemiah as well as Nehemiah's personal diary. A portion of the book is written as a first person view from Ezra. Even though Ezra does not state he is the writer it is accepted that Ezra did indeed write this book.

16th Book

NEHEMIAH

    It is fairly obvious that Nehemiah wrote this book and that he did so from his personal diary or memoirs. Nehemiah 7:5-73 is almost identical to Ezra 2:1-70 confirming what was said about Ezra having access to Nehemiah's records.

17th Book

ESTHER

    Although the author is not identified in its pages he or she was clearly well acquainted with the customs and etiquette of the Persian palace of Shushan and the reign of Ahasuerus. It is also evident the writer was a Hebrew. The consensus of the debate of this author seems to come down to it being a contemporary of Mordecai who compiled this book from records Mordecai kept.

18th Book

JOB

    Job is believed to be the oldest book of the Bible. Who wrote it is not known but the details of the conversation between Job and three others strongly leads one to believe that it was Job himself? Some believe that Moses compiled it from Job's records for the land of Uz is next door to where Moses lived for forty years in Midian, which could make this a possibility. Most all commentators see this book as a trial given to a man by God. But the story itself clearly points up Gods faith in mankind. For God actually put His own credibility on the line with…His faith…in Job's faith. Had Job failed this test instigated by Satan, God would have been made to look the fool in the eyes of the whole heavenly host.

19th Book

PSALMS

    This book is made up of 150 poems sung to music and used in the temple. We know this as a fact because the Hebrew word "Selah", which occurs frequently, literally means to stop, or pause, the music. The music has been lost to antiquity but the words are just as inspirational today as they ever were.

    The writers of these songs or poems were many but King David is credited with as many as 75 of them. Others were Asaph, a priest, Ezra, the sons of Korah part of a guild of singers and composers, a wise man named Heman and another wise man named Ethan and one was by Moses, fifty are by authors unknown. Since these songs were used by the Israelites in the temple it is likely that they were simply collected as time went by and recorded for all to use and this collection was passed down through history.

20th Book

PROVERBS

    There is little doubt that Solomon is the writer of this book. His name appears at: Prov 1:1

The proverbs of Solomon the son of David, king of Israel; (KJV)

    This is repeated at 10:1 and 25:1. In Ecclesiastes we are told Solomon collected proverbs from others an he used some of this collection in the last few chapters attributing the proverbs to a king Lemuel and to an oracle named Agur. As a young man Solomon always prayed for wisdom and knowledge and was rewarded with both in abundance. So much so that Solomon was known in his time as the wisest of men.

I King 4:34

And there came of all people to hear the wisdom of Solomon, from all kings of the earth, which had heard of his wisdom. (KJV)

21st Book

ECCLESIASTES

    The opening verse:

Eccl 1:1

The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem. (KJV) along with verse 1:12 which repeats the above scripture makes it clear that Solomon was the writer of this book. The proverbs used in Ecclesiastes are of the same style and form as those in the book of Proverbs.

    It has been said by some that Ecclesiastes is a depressing book for it stresses that no matter what you do, "All is vanity". From this comes the argument that Solomon wrote this book late in life as a comment on his foolishness in his declining years with idols and temples for his wives. Be that as it may, Solomon is really saying in this book that… If you DON'T HAVE GOD in YOUR LIFE…then, all is vanity and all is for naught. When this is understood it cannot be construed as depressing at all.

22nd Book

SOLOMON

    Theologians see this book as a love story and debate the reason this book was written and who wrote it, despite the fact that Solomon is mentioned seven times in it. However, seen in the light that Solomon apparently wrote it, as the husband being Christ, and his body or church as the bride, it makes great sense and is not at all a simple love story. Rather it is symbolic family relationship of God, His only begotten son and the family of God, created for His Son, whom the Bible tells us, is the purpose of God.

Col 1:16

For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: (KJV)

23rd Book

ISAIAH

    Educated and a poet, as well as a friend of the royal court and a great prophet… Isaiah was well suited to write this book. The first 39 chapters of Isaiah are like the 39 books of the Old Testament speaking of sin, idolatry, disobedience and punishment to the old covenant. The final 27 chapters like the 27 books of the New Testament speak of the Messiah and the great promise He brought with him. Because of this there is a debate by scholars that claim someone else wrote the last 27 chapters. Nonetheless, there is more unity than disunity between these two sections and the difference is in the subject matter not the writer for the first section relates to past and the second to the future, while both portray the kingdom of God.

    Isaiah predicts not only many things concerning the life of Christ but also speaks of the captivity of Israel by Babylon and the return of its people under Cyrus. (Cyrus was literally named by Isaiah in the prediction 150 years before the event…not something men can do on their own.)

    That this debate by supposed theologians is foolish, is attested to by the Septuagint, the Talmud, Ecclesiastes, John, Romans, Luke, Acts, as well as Matthew.

24th Book

JEREMIAH

    The opening verse tells us who the writer of this book is.

Jer 1:1

The words of Jeremiah the son of Hilkiah, of the priests that were in Anathoth in the land of Benjamin: (KJV)

    Jeremiah was a priest and dictated to his secretary Baruch. The 52nd chapter is believed to have been added to Jeremiah by Baruch for it is almost a carbon copy of 2 Kings 24:18 - 25:30

25th Book

LAMENTATIONS

    Although Lamentations does not mention the name of the writer of this book it is believed that Jeremiah was its author for the following reasons. This book is a lament over the captivity of Israel by the Babylonians and Jeremiah lived and witnessed this. This is particularly true since Jeremiah predicted the captivity of the Israelites by Babylon for forty years before it happened. The Septuagint refers to Jeremiah who sat weeping. In fact the book is written with the first letter of the Hebrew alphabet and each chapter thereafter proceeds as though weeping through the Hebrew alphabet from A to Z.

26th Book

EZEKIEL

    Like Jeremiah, Ezekiel was a priest. Both Jeremiah and Daniel were contemporaries of Ezekiel. Ezekiel mentions Daniel, (who was well known, by the time Ezekiel enters the picture,) three times in his prophecies 14:14 and 20 and also at 28:3. The book is written in a first person style and that person is identified as Ezekiel at 1:3 and 24:24

27th Book

DANIEL

    We know Daniel wrote this book that is so filled with prophecy, because an angel of God tells us this is so.

Dan 12:4

But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.

(KJV)

    And just to make sure this is clearly understood, Jesus confirms it.

Matthew 24:15

When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (whoso readeth, let him understand:) (KJV)

28th Book

HOSEA

    The first two verses of Hosea make it clear that Hosea is the writer of this book.

Hosea 1:1-2

1 The word of the LORD that came unto Hosea, the son of Beeri, in the days of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah, kings of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel.

2 The beginning of the word of the LORD by Hosea. And the LORD said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the LORD. (KJV)

    Israel's last king and Hosea both have the same name, although the English Bible spells them differently, but the two men should not be confused one with the other.

29th Book

JOEL

    There are a number of men named Joel in the Bible but this prophet is known only from this work. In the first verse of this book Joel lets us know he is the writer by telling us he is the son of Pethuel. The meaning of which is "Persuaded by God" while Joel means "Jehovah is my God" Like Melchezedek, Joel appears from nowhere and writes about a future kingdom in the time of the end using as a parallel the kingdom of Israel as it was then.

30th Book

AMOS

    Amos is a name that appears only in this book in the Old Testament and one has to be careful not to confuse it with Amoz who was the father of Isaiah. Amos, although well versed in scripture, tells us in 7: 14 that he did not consider himself a prophet or the son of a prophet. He was a herdsman and a gatherer of sycamore fruit nonetheless; he did utter many prophecies concerning the end times, such as judgement on the gentiles and the restoration of spiritual Judah along with many others that relate directly to the vision of John in Revelation. God used Amos; someone completely unknown to prove or foreshadow what was prophesied for the end times at

Joel 2:28

And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: (KJV)

31st Book

OBADIAH

    That it was Obadiah that wrote this book is attested to in the first verse and is referred to as Obadiah's vision. Bible commentators speak of Obadiah, as an obscure prophet for little is known of his background and they believe he came from the southern kingdom of Judah. Thirteen Obadiah's appear in the word of God and there have been theories attempting to relate the writer of this book too all of the other twelve. However, it is much more likely that Obadiah, like Amos, was a writer God used to verify Joel 2:28 predicting the outcome in the time of the end (1:15) of the descendant's struggle, which began in the womb of their mother between Esau and Jacob.

(It might be pointed out here that the Bible is not just a book of historical stories. All of the events related in the word are strongly connected and each has great meaning in the Bible and is directly related to the Purpose of God concerning mankind not only then but today as well.)

32nd Book

JONAH

    Jonah is spoken of in 2nd Kings 14:25 as a prophet that lived during the time of King Jeroboam the second. Verse one identifies the writer of this book as the son of Amittai from Gath-hepher, which was located in the Northern Kingdom in Galilee. (As a sidebar here, since Jonah was a prophet from Galilee, this proves the Pharisees were wrong when they said, "there were no prophets from Galilee.

John 7:52

They answered and said unto him, Art thou also of Galilee? Search, and look: for out of Galilee ariseth no prophet. (KJV) Which of course was only one of the many things the Pharisees were wrong about.)

    It is also clear that Christ validates the author of this book as Jonah.

Matthew 12:39-41

39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:

40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. (KJV)

    Jonah was sent to Nineveh to offer them a chance to repent and become part of the kingdom of God. Nineveh symbolizes the Bride of Christ for that is exactly what Jesus offered to those that would follow him. Jonah is the only prophet that Christ likened as Himself. That God transported Jonah to Nineveh in the belly of a fish was only note worthy to the real message behind the story of Jonah.

33rd Book

MICAH

    Micah tells us in the first verse that he is the author of this book. This is backed up by something else he says in this book. The name Micah has a meaning that asks, "Who is like Yahweh" and in the following verse Micah is using his namesake to make these points by beginning the scripture with

" Who is a God like unto thee…"

Micah 7:18

Who is a God like unto thee, that pardoneth iniquity, and passeth by the transgression of the remnant of his heritage? he retaineth not his anger for ever, because he delighteth in mercy. (KJV)

34th Book

NAHUM

    The first verse of Nahum not only tells us he is the writer but that he is also a prophet.

Nahum 1:1

The burden of Nineveh. The book of the vision of Nahum the Elkoshite. (KJV)

    The exact location of Elkoshite is not today known, but one of four locations is fairly well ascertained even though it is not really important. What is important is this book predicts the fall of Nineveh (612 BC) to the Babylonians after they had returned to wickedness and false gods. More than that it is symbolic of, and parallels, what is spoken of in Revelation concerning the time of the end… the great harlot… and Satan's demise.

35th Book

HABAKKUK

    Verse 1:1 and verse 3:1 identify Habakkuk as the writer of this book. Verse 3:1 A prayer of Habakkuk the prophet. On shigionoth. (NIV) it should be noted that shigionoth is not a place but a dirthramb or rambling poem often set to music which was apparently done here because of the final verse in this book.

Hab 3:19

The Sovereign LORD is my strength; he makes my feet like the feet of a deer, he enables me to go on the heights. For the director of music. On my stringed instruments. (NIV)

36th Book

ZEPHANIAH

    The first verse of this book not only lets us know he is the writer but that Zephaniah was the great, great grandson of the godly king Hezekiah. The details of this lineage are also related in the first verse. This makes him the only prophet of royal descent. He was also a contemporary of Habakkuk and Jeremiah as well as working with Zechariah to rebuild the temple.

37th Book

HAGGAI

    Nine times Haggai is mentioned in the book clearly marking him as the writer, such as:

Hag 1:3

Then came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying, (KJV)

    He is also mentioned twice in Ezra 5:1 and 6:14

38th Book

ZECHARIAH

    The name Zechariah means "Yahweh remembers" which is referring to the covenant made with the house of Israel which is apropos considering Zechariah wrote during the time of the rebuilding of the temple. Zechariah's lineage places him in the priesthood as the son of Berechiah and the grandson of Iddo. The first three verses of this book let us know Zechariah is the writer… particularly verse 3

Zech 1:1-3

1 In the eighth month of the second year of Darius, the word of the LORD came to the prophet Zechariah son of Berekiah, the son of Iddo:

2 "The LORD was very angry with your forefathers.

3 Therefore tell the people: This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'Return to me,' declares the LORD Almighty, 'and I will return to you,' says the LORD Almighty. (NIV)

39th Book

MALACHI

    The only time the name Malachi is mentioned in the Old Testament is at verse 1 of this book.

Mal 1:1

An oracle: The word of the LORD to Israel through Malachi. (NIV)

    Nothing is known of this writer but the unity and dialectic style of the writing has never been contested. It is believed that Malachi wrote this message during the absence of Nehemiah from about 432 BC and 425 BC. Malachi is the concluding book of the Old Testament.

    After this book was written there is some four hundred years of silence from God. The reason for this was because all had been said that needed to be said concerning the physical kingdom of God, and man had to await the coming of the Messiah for new information or what we term the New Testament.

 

COMMENTS ON THE OLD TESTAMENT

    The Old Testament foreshadowed the new and this can be clearly seen in the light of the kingdom that God has promised would come after his wrath in the time of the end, which we are living in at the present. The Old Testament speaks of the kingdom on earth or physical kingdom that God established.

    We will now look at the writers who speak of a spiritual kingdom, which together with the physical, make up the whole or complete kingdom of God. It is referred to as the New Testament because it ushered in a new covenant between God and man… and, the new spiritual side of Gods kingdom was not known until His Only Begotten Son arrived in 4 AD and began his ministry some thirty years later.

    The New Testament was written in Greek, Hebrew and Aramaic. The Aramaic language is a dead language fallen out of use because it was made up of street talk or what would we would today call… slang. As an example "Hey man, aintcha comin" is not proper English, it is slang and would only be used by writers today in dialog to help create characterization.

The New Testament

1.     Matthew 10.     Ephesians 19.     Hebrews
2.    Mark 11.    Philippians 20.     James
3.     Luke 12.     Colossians 21.     1st Peter
4.     John 13.     1st Thessalonians 22.     2nd Peter
5.     Acts 14.     2nd Thessalonians 23.     1st John
6.     Romans 15.    1st Timothy 24.     2nd John
7.     1st Corinthians 16.     2nd Timothy 25.     3rd John
8.     2nd Corinthians 17.     Titus 26.     Jude
9.     Galatians 18.     Philemon 27.     Revelation

1st Book NT

MATTHEW

    That Matthew existed as one of the twelve apostles is verified by both Luke 5:27 and Mark 2:14. In fact, in both those verses we find that Matthews surname was Levi. There is a tradition that says Matthew wrote in Aramaic but no such manuscripts have ever been found. Matthew was a tax collector or publican who wrote to the Jews about the arrival of the Messiah and did so in the common language of the time, Greek.

2nd Book NT

MARK

    The large house of Mark's mother was often used as a meeting place for Christians at that time. So much so in fact, that a servant girl recognized Peter's voice at the gate. (Acts 12: 13-16) It is Peter's close association with Mark that lends authority to Mark's account. Mark wrote his gospel to the gentiles or Romans announcing the Messiah's arrival which is probably why he left out many details that only the Jews would recognize such as prophecies concerning Jesus in the Old Testament. Mark was his surname but his Hebrew name was John (Acts 12:12); also:

Acts 15:37

Barnabas wanted to take John, also called Mark, with them, (NIV)

3rd Book NT

LUKE

    Luke's name appears three times in the New Testament.

Col 4:14

Luke, the beloved physician, and Demas, greet you. (KJV)

    Both Luke and Mark are mentioned in

2 Timothy 4:11

Only Luke is with me. Take Mark, and bring him with thee: for he is profitable to me for the ministry. (KJV)

Philemon 1:24

And so do Mark, Aristarchus, Demas and Luke, my fellow workers. (NIV)

    There is no doubt that Luke wrote the book of Luke.

4th Book NT

JOHN

    John is also mentioned three times in the New Testament by name. (Acts 3:1, 4:13, and 8:14) John, like Matthew, was one of the twelve apostles. (Luke 6:12- 16) It is evident from the description given in this book by John that he was an eyewitness to these events. As an example

John 19:26

When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to his mother, "Dear woman, here is your son," (NIV)

    John identifies himself in his book only as the disciple whom Jesus loved.

John 19:35

The man who saw it has given testimony, and his testimony is true. He knows that he tells the truth, and he testifies so that you also may believe.

(NIV)

    John above is obviously speaking of himself as the "the man who saw it"

John 21:24

This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. We know that his testimony is true. (NIV)

5th Book NT

ACTS

    It is understood from the first verse in Acts that Luke was the writer of the Acts of the Apostles.

Acts 1:1

In my former book, Theophilus, I wrote about all that Jesus began to do and to teach (NIV)

    The former book mentioned was the gospel of Luke for it is evident from the prologues to both Luke and Acts that they are both addressed to Theophilus. (Luke 1:1-4 and Acts 1:1-5) It is also evident that the style of writing for both books is the same.

    Theophilus means friend of God or a Christian. However, it has been argued that since Theophilus is given an earthly title (most excellent Theophilus) that he was possibly a Roman official who had accepted Christ and asked Luke to document the life of Jesus and His apostles. This is pure conjecture with no foundation but it is advanced because it is argued that Christians would not be given a title such as "Most excellent" since they were merely men. However, Christ has declared Christians as kings and Priests. This would make that title proper in the respectful and complimentary manner Luke is using it.

Rev 1:6

And hath made us kings and priests unto God and his Father; to him be glory and dominion for ever and ever. Amen. (KJV)

Rev 5:10

And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. (KJV)

6th Book NT

ROMANS

    The book of Romans was a letter written to the Christians of Rome by Paul.

Rom 1:7

To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to you and peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ. (KJV)

    This book is considered the greatest of Paul's writings and placed first in the thirteen Epistles that appear in the New Testament. It is written in a question and answer style, pointing out that the good news of Christ being the king of Gods kingdom is more than just a fact. It is a spiritually profitable way of life that should be desired by all Christians. The logic and style, especially that applied to Gods law, are consistent with other letters from Paul. Paul dictated this letter to his secretary named Tertius who added his own greetings to the Christians in Rome.

Rom 16:22

I Tertius, who wrote this epistle, salute you in the Lord. (KJV)

7th Book NT

1st CORINTHIANS

    This is the first of two letters sent by Paul to the church he had founded in Corinth. Corinth was by far the most important city of Greece at the time and the problems of this Christian church, which grew out of an entrenched world of Paganism, vice, and corruption were many such as divorce, immorality, lawsuits, and included the abuse of the Lords memorial supper. Paul addressed these problems for the fledgling church in this letter as well as offering words of encouragement.

8th Book NT

2nd CORINTHIANS

    Paul dealt with the problems of the church in Corinth by sending Titus as his representative. Although this settled the problems it also produced one of its own which was a division of the church as to who had the authority to speak for God. This second letter relates Paul's authority as an apostle of Christ to speak the word as Jesus gave it. The problem resulted in a brief visit by Paul which is not mentioned in Acts but can be deduced from:

2 Cor 2:1-3

1. So I made up my mind that I would not make another painful visit to you.

2. For if I grieve you, who is left to make me glad but you whom I have grieved?

3. I wrote as I did so that when I came I should not be distressed by those who ought to make me rejoice. I had confidence in all of you, that you would all share my joy. (NIV)

9th Book NT

GALATIANS

    Paul usually dictated his letters to his secretary but this letter was written by Paul's own hand:

Galatians 6:11

Ye see how large a letter I have written unto you with mine own hand. (KJV)

    The above verse along with verse 5:2 makes it very clear Paul is the writer of Galatians.

    This church had taken on the idea that works were the most important thing to being a Christian, which disturbed Paul. Contrary to what most folks think Paul is not saying that faith is more important. He like James is trying to point out that they go together, each being a major part of the whole. This church in following works as the major function of a Christian was missing the point that faith without works is dead just as works without faith is also dead.

    Paul devotes chapter five to explaining how to walk in the spirit for there has never been a law against love, mercy, kindness, gentleness, etc, which is enhanced on in Ephesians.

10th Book NT

EPHESIANS

    Paul declares himself the writer of Ephesians in the opening verse of this book.

Eph 1:1

Paul, an apostle of Christ Jesus by the will of God, To the saints in Ephesus, the faithful in Christ Jesus: (NIV)

    Some ancient documents do not have "in Ephesus" included in their manuscripts which has lead to a debate by scholars that this was a letter circulated through all churches. The reasoning here seems superfluous since anyone can read any of these letters in any Bible in anyplace. God has seen to it they have been circulated throughout the world.

11th Book NT

PHILIPPIANS

    Both internal and external evidence verifies Paul as the writer of this book. The church of Philippi was the first church Paul founded and was located in Macedonia. Paul along with Silas was imprisoned and when the church heard of his plight they sent Epaphroditus along with financial aid. He stayed with Paul even after Epaphroditus had suffered a serious illness. He returned only because Paul sent him with this letter which is not only a thank you note from Paul but the spiritual message that only through Christ can anyone find peace and oneness of purpose. A message the church needed at the time because of internal disunity.

12th Book NT

COLOSSIANS

    That Paul is the writer of this book cannot be disputed for we are told this in verses 1:1 and 1:23 and verified by Paul himself

Colossians 4:18

The salutation by the hand of me Paul. Remember my bonds. Grace be with you. Amen. (KJV)

 

13th Book NT

1ST THESSALONIANS

    Paul writes in this letter, using the term 'we' for the opening verse includes Silas and Timothy in its greeting. He speaks much on the subject of the return of Christ to this young church for they suffered a good deal of persecution for their faith. One can almost feel the affection Paul has for this group in the lines he writes and encourages them to continue excelling in their newfound faith.

14th Book NT

2ND THESSALONIANS

2 Thessalonians 3:17

The salutation of Paul with mine own hand, which is the token in every epistle: so I write. (KJV)

    Again confirms verse 1:1 that it is Paul who is the writer of this letter or Book. Paul felt the need to write again because a concept had arisen in the church that Christ had already returned and Paul again details the return of Christ and the events that need to be fulfilled before that takes place.

15th Book NT

1ST TIMOTHY

    Timothy is a young pastor in the church of Ephesus. Paul, who is an aged and experienced apostle at this time, sends his advice to Timothy in regards to the task of erasing false doctrine before it destroys the church.

    That the letter comes from Paul is obvious for the first two verses are saying…from Paul to Timothy. Oddly enough, critics of this make claims that this letter is a pious forgery something that God addressed using lines penned by Paul to Timothy centuries before they were even thought of.

1 Tim 1:3-4

3. As I urged you upon my departure for Macedonia, remain on at Ephesus, in order that you may instruct certain men not to teach strange doctrines,

4. nor to pay attention to myths and endless genealogies, which give rise to mere speculation rather than {furthering} the administration of God which is by faith. (NAS)

16th Book NT

2nd TIMOTHY

    Paul had converted Timothy to Christianity and Paul had him baptized when he took Timothy with him on his second visit to Lystra. Because of a close relationship in serving the Lord Paul sends his love to Timothy and his parishioners and it is not strange that Paul would have kept in touch with his young protégé. Plus the advice given to Timothy is just as useful today to all teaching the word as it was then.

    Again the first two verses let us know it is Paul writing to Timothy.

2 Tim 1:1-2

1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, according to the promise of life which is in Christ Jesus

2 To Timothy, my dearly beloved son: Grace, mercy, and peace, from God the Father and Christ Jesus our Lord. (KJV)

 

17th Book NT

TITUS

    Titus is mentioned in 2 Corinthians 2:13 as a partner and fellow helper as well as elsewhere in the bible. Titus was a gentile that accepted Christ as a young protégé of Paul and in need of advice concerning the body of Christ. The first verse tells us it is Paul writing and the fourth verse tells us the letter is to Titus.

18th Book NT

PHILEMON

    This short letter was written in Paul's own hand, while imprisoned which he tells us in verse 19. Paul takes the opportunity to greet others, some by name but also to the body of Christ in Colosse that meets in Philemon's home. The letter is a request by Paul that Philemon accepts back a slave that had wronged him but through Paul had since became a brother in the faith. Philemon not only accepts him back but also does so as a brother in Christ. The parallel to Christ is clear. The slave Onesimus is guilty under the law but spared punishment by the Christian act of grace from Philemon.

19th Book NT

HEBREWS

    Hebrews is considered one of the epistles of Paul but the truth is no one really knows who the writer was. Its style is a bit more polished than Paul's usual writing and it lacks the regular greeting or salutation that Paul normally used. The above could be understood if more than one writer added to the letter for the use of "We" is noticeable and this would account for Paul not using his normal salutation at the start. Verse 23 speaks of "Our brother Timothy" so the early body of Christ obviously knew whom the letter was from.

    No matter who the author was, Jews that had accepted Christ were under heavy persecution, not only from other Jews but from Roman dictates as well. The Romans did not care who you worshipped so long as you also worshipped Caesar. This of course is not acceptable to God from a Christian.

    This letter is pointing out that no matter what happens on earth the promise of eternal life is valid from our Lord and king, Jesus Christ, for those that follow him to the end because the power of Christ is absolute under His father.

20th Book NT

JAMES

    James, the physical brother of Jesus was known as a pillar in the church at Jerusalem and is traditionally accepted as the writer of this book. It cetainly fits the style of writing we know of James as reported by Luke in Acts.

    The book revolves around faith and the works that prove that faith, not only to others, but to God also. This also fits for James not only had to accept that the messiah had arrived, but also James had to acknowledge that the Messiah was his earthly brother which would have required a good deal of faith and direction from the Holy Spirit to bring this about from a sibling.

21st Book NT

1st PETER

    That Peter is the writer of this book is born out in the first verse, for it begins "Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ…" Combined with similar phraseology used by Peter in this book to those used in his sermons in Acts makes it a certainty. There are those that dispute this but their arguments are based on nothing but assumptions that are so silly as to make it worthless to discuss. The debate comes about because of the second book of Peter.

22nd Book NT

2nd PETER

    This book opens with the same salutation with the addition of "Simon Peter, and apostle of Jesus Christ." There is further confirmation that this in Peter in verse

2 Pet 3:1

This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance: (KJV)

    Because this book's style is coarser than the first in both the language and the style is what brings about the debate by critics as to its authenticity. Yet the first book was penned by a secretary named Silvanus the second by Peter himself. Silvanus an educated scribe would have automatically corrected any coarseness in either style or language dictated to him in the first letter. This was the reason scribes, were used at that time. While the second, being written by Peter himself would have betrayed the background and education of a fisherman of the time. If anything this lends to the authenticity of Peter as the biographer. The critics claim a passage was used from Jude, which was written after Peter's death. But this would infer that Jude used the passage from Peter or perhaps the passage was from some common source. As was said the arguments are silly and not worth the time it takes to explore.

23rd Book NT

1ST JOHN

    The style and manner of this book is so similar to the fourth book of the New Testament that it is well recognized that John was the true writer of this epistle. Is was quoted by Polycarp, a man who personally knew John in his youth, and both books have the same phraseology that seems peculiar to John such as his use of "Beloved" and "my little children" as examples. The theme of the letter is for all Christians to look for a fellowship with God.

24th Book NT

2nd JOHN

    Including a warning against false teachers this book like first and third John have much in common including style and the manner the content is put forth. Again this makes it clear that John is the writer and that those that received them never disputed it. That he refers to himself as "The elder" was also done by Peter in 1st Peter 5:1 and seemed to be all the identification needed by those the letters were sent to. That the letter is sent to a woman and her children could be either an individual or the church as a group. Most favor the later because John often used "my little children" in reference to the body of Christ.

25th Book NT

3rd JOHN

    John writes in his three books about the distinction one should place on fellowship. The first book stresses fellowship with God. The second warns of fellowship with false teachers, while the third tells us we should fellowship with other members of the family of God. This is all clearly portrayed by John's use of two people to illustrate it, Demetrius, and Gaius.

26th Book NT

JUDE

    We are told both who wrote this letter and who he was in the first verse.

Jude 1:1

Jude, the servant of Jesus Christ, and brother of James, to them that are sanctified by God the Father, and preserved in Jesus Christ, and called: (KJV)

    Because this writer makes a distinction between himself and the apostles in verse 17, we know it is not the apostle Jude that is the author. That he is referring to himself as the "brother of James" makes it understood that this writer is the other brother of Jesus, through Mary. That Jude is here addressing this short letter of warning of the apostasy, that was beginning to creep into the churches, to all the body of Christ is clear with his use of "to them that are sanctified by God the Father".

    It should be noted here that these writers of these letters, or epistles, had no idea that God would use their notes in his word. Had they been aware of this they, most likely, would have been extra clear as to their identity with no room for doubt anywhere. However, God and His Son knew who they were as did the body of Christ… and that was, and still is, all that's important.

27th Book NT

REVELATION

    That the same John who wrote the fourth book of the New Testament wrote this book, is attested to four times in Revelation in the verses 1:1, 4, 9, and 22: 8 leaving no doubt as to its writer.

    Sometime in the third century someone came up with an argument that it might have been another writer named John because it did not hold to traditional views. By this was meant that it knocked down religious doctrines that were being taught and that there were some differences between vocabulary and expressions used. Let us look at this.

    To begin with man made doctrines have never been of concern to God. The Bible was not written to conform to man made concepts or doctrines. Then John was told to write WHAT HE SAW, not what he thought.

Rev 1:10-11

10 On the Lord's Day I was in the Spirit, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet,

11 which said: "Write on a scroll what you see and send it to the seven churches: to Ephesus, Smyrna, Pergamum, Thyatira, Sardis, Philadelphia and Laodicea." (NIV)

    Now John was told to write what he saw because all that he saw was symbolic of events that have, are, and will happen. In fact, John was told they MUST happen. (4:1) Therefore the writing in this book is all symbolic because symbolism is understood in any age and the Bible itself will explain any of the symbolic representation used. It might also be pointed out that this summation and conclusion to the word of God was a revelation to John as well as to us.

    The so called higher critics or scholars forget in their delusions and dissertations that it was the Holy Spirit behind the writings of these men and it is beyond comprehension to assume the Spirit allowed mistakes in either the authors or the messages given in God's word.

Rev 22:18

For I testify to everyone who hears the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to these things, God will add to him the plagues that are written in this book; (NKJ)

Rev 22:19

and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part from the Book of Life, from the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. (NKJ)



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